Based on the needs of the country, the Ethiopian Institute of Water Resources (EIWR) has established a MSc and PhD curriculum in Water Resources Engineering and Management. The graduate program will offer advanced instruction in pure and applied sciences and engineering with an emphasis on basic and engineering sciences designed to actively engage students in research oriented towards problem solving and addressing the country’s most serious challenges.
Studies in Water Resources Engineering and Management include topics on water resources development, hydrology and hydrogeology, water resource system planning, hydrologic remote sensing, sustainability & water resources, water economics & governance and water and public health.
Access to clean water and sanitation is one of Ethiopia’s greatest developmental challenges. Over 60% of communicable diseases are due to poor environmental health conditions arising from unsafe and inadequate water supply and poor hygienic and sanitation practices. Three-fourths of the health problems suffered by children in Ethiopia are communicable diseases originating from the environment, specially drinking water and sanitation. About 46% of children under the age of five die due to diarrheal diseases, many which are attributable to unsafe water, inadequate sanitation, and insufficient hygiene. Increased susceptibility to water waste related diseases such as trachoma and scabies, water-based diseases such as schistosomiasis, and water-related insect vectors diseases, including malaria, is a major challenge. Coverage levels for water and sanitation in Ethiopia are among the lowest in the world. According to official figures, only 68% of the population is estimated to have access to safe water supply and 18% of the population is known to have access to sanitation facility. Moreover, high fluoride concentration in the groundwater has long been a recognized water related health concern in Ethiopia.
The AAU/UConn partnership identified capacity development in the area of Water and Health as one of their top priorities. To address this need, the Ethiopian Institute of Water Resources (EIWR) lead the initiative to develop a curriculum for masters and doctoral students in Water and Health with the following two streams: Water and Wastewater Treatment and Water and Public Health. The Institute has already graduated its first 25 master’s students in this area and are supporting graduate work for 12 Ph.D. students.
For the first time, EIWR will be offering a Master’s degree in Trans-boundary governance in the Fall of 2014. The program will highlight how competing uses of water creates the demand for effective management of the resource